Key Info

Basic Information

Prof. Dr. André Bardow
Mechanical Engineering
Societal Challenges
Project duration:
01.05.2019 to 30.04.2023
EU contribution:
14.739.369,91 euros
  EU flag This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 838031.  


DMX Demonstration in Dunkirk


3D project aims mainly at demonstrating DMXTM CO2 Capture technology in AMAL’s Dunkirk (FR) steel mill on an industrial pilot plant (0.5 tCO2/hr.), bringing TRL from 4 to 7, with 76% of requested EU budget (14,8M€). DMXTM will give Europe an edge in cost, environmental- and energy-efficient recovery of CO2. Downstream requirements are fully considered in studies of conditioning, transport and storage in North Sea aquifers. Waste Heat Recovery well combined with DMXTM process will allow reaching unprecedent CO2 Capture cost under 40 €/tCO2.
Environmental, societal and stakeholder’s expectations are dealt from the beginning and all-along the project to ensure capability of deploying the CCS cluster on Dunkirk territory. DMXB solvent production will be optimised industrially and environmentally, through LCA.

3D project is based on an EU holistic approach, building on previous an on-going CCS projects where many 3D partners are involved. 2025 full-scale CCS plant of 1.5 Mt CO2/y will be implemented from end of 3D project which will be an embryo of the future CCS cluster Dunkirk-North Sea 2035 (10 MtCO2/y). It is a major step in the transformation of energy- and CO2-intensive industries such as steel towards EU targets, with opportunities of job creation all along the CO2 CCS chain, notably for Dunkirk region economies and EU storage Hubs. 3D RTD and engineering providers would develop new markets aside from existing Oil & Gas, smoothing environmental and energy-depletion transition. Furthermore, quality of recovered CO2 through DMXTM process is compatible with food-grade markets.

The project success relies on of a highly skilled and experienced consortium involving the complete chain of CCS and key transversal skills (LCA, SSH, KPI/TRL/cost assessment). 11 complementary partners from 6 European countries, of 2 academics (RWTH, DTU), 4 technology providers (ACP, GASSCO, IFPEN, UETIKON), 3 engineering companies (AXENS, CMI, BREVIK), 2 end-users (AMAL, TOTAL).


  • IFP Energies nouvelles, France (Coordinator)
  • Arcelormittal Atlantique et Lorraine SAS, France
  • Total Raffinage Chimie, France
  • Axens SA, France
  • Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, Denmark
  • ACP Polska, Poland
  • Cockerill Maintenance & Ingenierie, Belgium
  • Gassco AS, Norway
  • Brevik Engineering AS, Norway
  • CU Chemie Uetikon GmbH, Germany

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