Key Info

Basic Information

Prof. Dr. Karl Bernhard Friedrich
Faculty / Institution:
Georesources and Materials Engineering
Societal Challenges
Project duration:
01.05.2018 to 30.04.2022
EU contribution:
11.481.599,13 euros
  EU flag This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 776469.  


Removing the waste streams from the primary Aluminium production and other metal sectors in Europe


The answer to the current Raw Material supply challenge faced today in Europe, lies in technological innovations that increase the efficiency of resource utilization and allow the exploitation of yet untapped resources such as industrial waste streams and metallurgical by-products. One of the key industrial residues which is currently not or poorly valorised is Bauxite Residue (BR, more commonly known as “red mud”) from alumina refineries. Bauxite residue reuse solutions do exist as stand-alone but pooling them together in an integrated manner is the only way to render bauxite residue reuse viable from an economical point of view and acceptable for the industry. The RemovAl project will combine, optimize and scale-up developed processing technologies for extracting base and critical metals from such industrial residues and valorising the remaining processing residues in the construction sector.


  • MYTILINEOS Holdings S.A., Greece (Coordinator)
  • Aluminium Pechiney, France
  • Alcoa Norway ANS, Norway
  • Aughinish Alumina Ltd., Ireland
  • Alum S.A., Romania
  • European Aluminium Association AISBL, Belgium
  • International Primary Aluminium Institute LBG, United Kindgom
  • National Technical University of Athensntua, Greece
  • Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
  • Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universiteit NTNU, Norway
  • University of Limerick, Ireland
  • SINTEF AS, Norway
  • Elkem AS, Norway
  • Innceinnmat S.l., Spain
  • MEAB Chemie Technik GmbH, Germany
  • Drysep A.S., Norway
  • ZaaK Technologies GmbH, Germany
  • ResourceFull, Belgium
  • Kainotomies Axiopoiisis Geoylikon Idiotiki Kefalaiouchiki Etaireia, Greece
  • HeidelbergCement AG, Germany
  • ACCIONA Construcción, Spain
  • ROCKWOOL International AS, Denmark
  • Advanced Minerals and Recycling Industrial Solutions IKE, Greece
  • Green2Sustain, Greece
  • ITRB Ltd., Cyprus
  • Wavestone Luxembourg S.A., Luxembourg